Business 2

Question 1 of 20

5.0 PointsIn which year was the 1st World Summit on Sustainable Development held?A. 1982 B. 1985 C. 1990 D. 1992 Reset Selection

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Question 2 of 20

5.0 PointsDepletion of the ozone layer, destruction of the rain forests, and species extinctions have an impact on:A. all of society. B. a particular region. C. a particular nation. D. none of society. Reset Selection

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Question 3 of 20

5.0 PointsSustainable development:A. meets the needs of the present while compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. B. gives precedence to environmental over economic considerations. C. balances economic and environmental considerations. D. sacrifices less important immediate needs in order to fulfill important future needs. Reset Selection

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Question 4 of 20

5.0 PointsAn attempt to apply the concept of sustainable development has been made by an initiative called The Natural Step, which was created in which country?A. Brazil B. Denmark C. Sweden D. Switzerland Reset Selection

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Question 5 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following is an example of a nonrenewable resource?A. Coal B. Fresh water C. Timber D. Fish Reset Selection

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Question 6 of 20

5.0 PointsCritics argue that offset factors to the “limits to growth hypothesis” include:A. depletion of nonrenewable resources will force people to find substitutes. B. markets will be subjected to greater governmental control. C. more advanced computer simulation models will better predict the future. D. technological development will slow in resource-scarce nations. Reset Selection

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Question 7 of 20

5.0 PointsA thin layer of gas that protects the earth from excessive ultraviolet radiation from the sun is:A. ozone. B. carbon dioxide. C. methane. D. oxygen. Reset Selection

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Question 8 of 20

5.0 PointsThe goal of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development is to encourage:A. high standards of environmental management and to promote closer cooperation among businesses, governments, and other organizations. B. world political and business leaders to conserve the earth’s biological resources, particularly in species-rich tropical forests. C. poorer countries to develop their economies in an environmentally sustainable way. D. cutting CFC production and use by 50 percent by 2010. Reset Selection

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Question 9 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following is an example of industrial ecology in practice?A. Developing a paper recycling program in business offices B. Using wastes from one process as raw materials for another process C. Manufacturing recyclable containers for products D. All of the above Reset Selection

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Question 10 of 20

5.0 PointsThe Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created:A. to monitor and regulate nuclear activity. B. in 1970 to coordinate most of the government’s efforts to protect the environment. C. to monitor and regulate occupational health and safety standards. D. All of the above Reset Selection

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Question 11 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following statements is NOT true with respect to acid rain?A. A primary source of acid rain is coal-fired utilities. B. Acid rain occurs when carbon dioxide combines with water vapor in the atmosphere. C. Acid rain is worse in some regions of the United States than others. D. Acid rain degrades buildings. Reset Selection

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Question 12 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich country has made the greatest progress in reducing its solid waste stream?A. United Kingdom B. Germany C. Japan D. United States Reset Selection

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Question 13 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following statements is NOT true about environmental standards?A. Regulatory agencies can establish standard allowable levels of pollutants. B. The government has the power to command business firms to comply with certain standards. C. The government rarely interferes in a business’s choice of pollution technology. D. They are the most widely used methods of regulation. Reset Selection

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Question 14 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following is NOT a cost of environmental regulation?A. Unemployment B. Reduced capital investment C. Corporate restructuring D. Lowered productivity Reset Selection

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Question 15 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following is indicative of a firm in the pollution prevention stage of the corporate environmental responsibility model?A. Realizing that it would be less efficient and more expensive to prevent pollution before it is created B. Focusing on all environmental impacts of the product life-cycle C. Minimizing or eliminating waste before it is created D. Incurring losses due to environmental costs Reset Selection

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Question 16 of 20

5.0 PointsWhich of the following is the most advanced stage of corporate environmental responsibility?A. Pollution prevention stage B. Clean technology stage C. Product stewardship stage D. Green management stage Reset Selection

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Question 17 of 20

5.0 PointsContinuing activities indefinitely, without altering the carrying capacity of the earth’s ecosystem, is a characteristic of:A. an ecologically sustainable organization. B. concerned citizens. C. a code of environmental conduct. D. environmental regulation. Reset Selection

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Question 18 of 20

5.0 PointsSome researchers believe that business firms moving towards ecological sustainability results in:A. competitive advantages. B. decreased worker productivity. C. more government regulation. D. less money for shareholders. Reset Selection

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Question 19 of 20

5.0 PointsCompanies that reduce pollution and hazardous waste, reuse or recycle materials, and operate with greater energy efficiency achieve a competitive advantage due to:A. technological innovation. B. product differentiation. C. green marketing. D. cost savings. Reset Selection

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Question 20 of 20

5.0 PointsWhen companies develop a reputation for environmental excellence, and they produce and deliver products and services designed to attract environmentally aware customers, this is called:A. technological innovation. B. strategic planning. C. green marketing. D. cost savings. Reset Selection


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